Пособие по чтению для ФИС



Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации

ГОУ ВПО «Кемеровский государственный университет»

Факультет романо-германской филологии

Кафедра иностранных языков

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

Учебно-методическое пособие по чтению для студентов факультета физической культуры и спорта

Кемерово 2011

Английский язык: учебно-методическое пособие по чтению для студентов факультета физической культуры и спорта / сост. С. В. Коломиец, Москаленко Е. А. ГОУ ВПО «Кемеровский государственный университет». – Кемерово, 2011. – 58 стр.

Учебно-методическое пособие разработано по дисциплине «Иностранный язык» (английский) в соответствии с требованиями ГОС ВПО и предназначено для направления «Физическая культура». Цель пособия – развитие навыков чтения литературы по указанной специальности с целью извлечения информации и использования ее в практической речевой деятельности.

Рекомендовано метод. комис-сией кафедры иностранных языков

« » _________20___ г.

___________________________

Утверждено на заседании кафедры иностранных языков

« » _________ 20___г.

____________________________

Председатель метод. комиссии канд. филол. наук, доцент Т. М. Белова

Зав. кафедрой канд. пед. наук,

доцент Т. С. Сергейчик

Предисловие

Предлагаемое учебно-методическое пособие по чтению предназначено для студентов 1 — 2 курса факультета физической культуры и спорта (направление «Физическая культура»).

Пособие составлено в соответствии с требованиями Государственного образовательного стандарта и программы по дисциплине «Иностранный язык» для студентов неязыковых специальностей вузов. Практические цели учебного пособия предполагают развитие у студентов навыков чтения литературы по специальности с целью извлечения информации и использования ее в практической речевой деятельности.

Пособие состоит из 2 разделов (Parts). Раздел I включает 4 части (Units), содержащие тексты, по темам предусмотренные для изучения в учебном плане по направлению «Физическая культура»: «Спорт в России», «Спорт в Великобритании», «Спорт в США», «Олимпийский игры». Раздел II включает тексты по специальности, которые могут быть использованы для самостоятельной подготовки студентов к экзамену по английскому языку.

Каждый из разделов содержит тексты для ознакомительного, просмотрового, поискового чтения с соответствующими видам чтения заданиями. Система упражнений направлена на усвоение активной лексики, контроль понимания прочитанного, развития умения извлекать информацию и передать ее на английском языке. В конце каждого текста приводятся наиболее трудные для понимания слова и словосочетания.

Part I

Unit 1 SPORT IN RUSSIA

Alexei Nemov

Read the text. Find and correct the mistakes in the biography of Alexei Nemov

Alexei Nemov was born on 20 May 1976 in Barashevo, Mordovia.

He is a three-time Olympic champion and one of the most medalled gymnasts.

He has won 10 Olympic medals.

He made his debut at the 1995 World Championships.

His first big achievement was at Goodwill Games in Saint Petersburg in 1995.

In the all-around at the 1996 European Cup, Nemov failed his performance.

At the 1997 Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta Nemov won six silver medals.

At the 2001 Sydney Olympics A. Nemov won three gold medals.

At the 2005 Athens Olympics Alexei Nemov scored 9, 998.

The Russian Olympic Committee awarded Nemov $50,000 in recognition of his outstanding service.

Alexei Nemov is a gymnast from Russia. He was born on 28 May 1976 in Barashevo, (Mordovia). Nemov started gymnastics at the age of five in his hometown Tolyatti. He was quickly recognized to be a remarkable talent. Alexei embodies all the ideal qualities of a world-class gymnast: complex acrobatics, elegance and style. Nemov is one of the most medalled gymnasts, male or female, of all time. He has won 12 Olympic medals, including more Olympic bronze medals (six) than any other athlete.

As a 16-year-old he made his debut at the 1993 World Championships, placing fifth on floor. The following year, he acquired reputation as a true all-around contestant, winning his qualifying session at the Worlds. His big breakthrough was at Goodwill Games in Saint Petersburg in 1994 where he won four final events.

Despite promising international success, he got a reputation of inconsistent performer. In the all-around at the 1995 European Cup, Nemov, then 19, was the leader after five events. When he came to high bar, he only needed an 8.75 to win the title. He missed his two major release moves, crashed into the bar on another release move, botched a required element, and stopped in the middle of his routine. He scored a 7.35 and dropped to ninth overall.

A few months later, Nemov competed in the World Championships in Sabae, Japan. The Russian team had a disastrous performance during the qualifying round — finishing in 11th place. But at the end of that competition the team managed to get the 4th place due to Nemov`s brilliant performance. Alexei did his best and put up the highest optional score of all competitors.

At the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, Nemov performed solidly in the all-around, battling World Champion Li Xiaoshuang every step of the way. He won six medals (two gold, one silver, and three bronze).

Nemov’s Olympic success and newfound worldwide fame did not last. Over the next several years, he performed inconsistently in major international competition. He failed to win a major all-around title for nearly four years, and many doubted his chances for Olympic gold at the Sydney Olympics. He surprised everyone when he arrived at the Olympics doing the best gymnastics of his career, and once again took home six medals (2 gold, 1silver, 3 bronze). This time, he won the all-around title, finally winning the first major championship of his career.

Although never regaining his form of 2000, Nemov competed through to the 2004 Athens Olympics. His participation in the 2004 Olympics was overshadowed by the notorious scandal. After performing a routine with six release skills in the high bar finals, the judges posted a score of 9.725, placing him in third with several athletes still to compete. The crowd erupted in a chorus of boos and cheers upon seeing the results and interrupted the competition for nearly 15 minutes. The judges felt the pressure of the crowd, reevaluated the routine, and increased his score to a 9.762, which still placed him out of the medals. The crowd continued their protest and subsided only after Nemov stepped up to the podium and pleaded with his supporters to quiet down for the sake of the other athletes. This scandal led to a massive reconstruction of the scoring system which was implemented in 2006. Nemov rarely criticized the judges or the situation. The Russian Olympic Committee later awarded Nemov $40,000 in recognition of his class and character, and he retired from gymnastics soon after.

Notes:

embody – олицетворять

on floor – (зд.) вольные упражнения

all-around – многосторонний, всесторонний

all-around (events) – многоборье

all-around athlete – титул абсолютного чемпиона

breakthrough – большое достижение, «шаг вперед»

release move – перелет

botch – делать небрежно

round – тур

high bar – перекладина

routine – выступление (на отдельном снаряде)

implement – выполнять, осуществлять

Find in the text sentences corresponding to the following Russian translations.

Алексей Немов является олицетворением всех качеств атлета мирового класса: сложной акробатики, изящества и стиля.

В возрасте 16 лет Алексей Немов дебютировал на Чемпионате мира в 1993 году.

Он совершил значительный шаг вперед на Играх доброй воли в Санкт-Петербурге в 1994 г, выиграв 4 финальных состязания.

Несмотря на многообещающий успех на международных соревнованиях он получил репутацию нестабильного спортсмена.

Успех Немова на Олимпиаде и вновь обретенная мировая слава не получили продолжения.

Немову не удавалось взять титул абсолютного чемпиона на протяжении четырех лет и многие уже сомневались, возьмет ли он олимпийское золото в Сиднее.

Все были удивлены, когда он приехал на Олимпиаду, продемонстрировав лучшее выступление в карьере, и выиграл 6 медалей.

Его выступление в Афинах было омрачено печально известным скандалом.

Этот скандал привел к основательному пересмотру системы оценок, принятой позже в 2006 году.

Российский олимпийский комитет позже вручил Немову 40 тыс. долларов в знак признания его мастерства и характера.

Bandy

Read the text. Say if the statement is true or false.

Bandy originated from field hockey.

Bandy is also known as “Russian football”.

Russians are creators of the game.

The USA has contributed much to the development of bandy.

Bandy rules are similar in many ways to the rules of soccer.

Bandy is played by two teams of 10 players.

The players` equipment is of one colour with the ball.

The aim of the game is to hit the target.

The first Bandy World Championship took place in 1937.

Bandy World Championship has been held annually since 2004.

Bandy, also known as banty, originated as a form of field hockey on ice. The game similar to bandy was mentioned in Russian monastery records dating back to the 10th – 11th centuries. A game that could be recognized as modern bandy was played in Russia by the early 1700s. All the way through modern times, Russia has kept a top position in the Bandy area, being one of the founding nations of the International Federation, as well as the most successful team in the World Championships. Russians see themselves as the creators of the sport, which is reflected by the unofficial title for bandy, “Russian hockey”.

In the western world, Britain has played an important role in the development of bandy. A game similar to bandy was known in Wales as Bando.

Bandy is a team game played on ice, with sticks and a single round ball. Two teams of eleven players each compete to get the ball into the other team’s goal and score a goal. A game is officiated by a referee, the authority to enforce the rules, and whose decisions are final. The referee may be assisted by one or two assistant referees. The rules of the game have many similarities to those of association football. The rules can be found on the official website of the Federation of International Bandy.

The size of the bandy field is 90 — 110 m long and 45 – 65 m wide. Each team consists of a maximum of eleven players, one of whom must be the goalkeeper. The basic equipment players are required to wear includes a pair of skates, a helmet, a mouth guard and, in the case of the goalkeeper, a face guard. The teams must wear uniforms that make it easy to distinguish the two teams. The skates, sticks and any tape on the stick must be of another colour than the ball. In addition to the aforementioned equipment, various protections are used to protect knees, elbows, genitals and throat and the pants and gloves may contain padding.

The first Bandy World Championship for men was first held in 1957, and then every two years starting in 1961, and every year since 2003. In February 2004, Sweden won the first World Championship for women hosted in Finland.

Bandy is now played in a few nations, including Argentina, Australia, Canada, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Norway, Poland, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, and the United States.

Bandy is notably a popular winter game in Siberia. Bandy club “Kuzbass” has existed in Kemerovo since 1948. Today the club is included into number of the strongest teams of the world and gets prize-winning places in the championships of Russia. Players of the club regularly play for a national team. The city team on bandy is a three-time bronze prize-winner of Russia championships.

Notes:

aforementioned – вышеупомянутый

2. Make up your own sport. Invent your own game for people to play. Think of the equipment that you need to play the game. Decide what the object of the game is. Make up five rules about the game. Explain your new game to the group.

What is the best sport?

Read the text, using a dictionary if necessary.

Almost everybody likes sports, either to play or to watch. It’s common knowledge that sports are a good, healthy activity in either case. If you play sports, of course your health will improve and you will be a happier person for it. If you watch spectator sports like professional baseball or figure skating, you can enjoy it with your family or friends. Children will learn many good things from watching sports contests. They can learn the virtues of patience, hard work, teamwork, and fair play. Sports are an important part of society. Everybody agrees about that, but there is no agreement about which sports are best. For instance, some people like jogging. They say it’s the best personal sport because it gives your cardiovascular system an intensive workout. They say it is interesting to jog through the countryside, breathing the fresh air. Others say biking is the best because you can go farther and faster. Still others think swimming is best because it exercises the whole body and is easier on the joints, like knees. They say jogging is bad for your knees and doctors seem to agree. In any case everybody has their own favorite personal sport.

As for spectator sports, there might be an even bigger variety of tastes. Lots of people in the US swear that baseball is the best sport. They say it is a true gentleman’s sport. It is poetry in motion. Others criticize baseball as a boring sport with too little “action”. They say that the games take too long and there’s too much ”time out”. In America, people who hate baseball probably prefer American football. They say it is highly competitive, with lots of excitement. On the other hand, it is a brutal sport because the players always play dirty and hurt the other team’s players on purpose. In Europe lots of people prefer soccer. They say it’s better than American football because in soccer the players are fighting for the ball, not to hurt the other team. However, Americans don’t like soccer because they think there’s too much running and not enough scoring.

Recently, auto-racing sport has become very popular. Exciting racing action attracts a lot of fans. They can see racing live and on television.

Basketball is a very common sport in many countries. It can be played indoors or outdoors at any time of a year. But it is usually played indoors during the winter. High schools, universities, and professional teams have exciting contests, and fans come to see great talent and skill. Do you know what softball is? It is a game similar to baseball, played with a ball called a softball. Most of the rules for this game are similar to those of baseball. This game is played by both men and women.

Golf, some historians say, was originated in the Netherlands. Maybe it is true. But now it is very popular in the USA, too. There are lots of golf clubs in the country. They say, more than 12,400 golf courses serve over 20 million people.

Tennis may be played indoors and outdoors. There are lots of tennis clubs in the USA. It is played by children and adults, by professionals and amateurs. Fitness clubs are a popular place to find good partners for playing tennis. If you are very good at this game you can find a professional player, and even if you are a rookie, you will meet your match, too.

Notes:

virtue — добродетель

cardiovascular – сердечно-сосудистый

joint — сустав

rookie – (амер.) новичок в спортивной команде

Answer the following questions

What are the benefits of spectator sports?

What are the advantages of jogging?

What are the disadvantages of jogging?

What sport exercises the whole body?

Why do many people think of American football as a brutal sport?

Why do Americans prefer American football to soccer?

What sports can be practised both outdoors and indoors?

What game is similar to basketball?

What is the best sport from your point of view?

What sports are popular in our country?

Give the summary of the text (Consult Appendix 1 on page 57)

Unit 2 SPORT IN GREAT BRITAIN

David Beckham

Read the text. Find and correct the mistakes in the biography of David Beckham.

Beckham was born on 3 May 1975 in London, England.

Beckham joined Manchester United at the age of 18.

His best season for Manchester United was 1996-1997.

David Beckham left Manchester United in 2005.

David signed a six-year contract with Los Angeles Galaxy in 2008.

Beckham joined the England national football team in 2000.

He played for the national team for 15 years.

Beckham had to leave the England national football team in 2009.

Beckham was the first British footballer to play 200 Champions League matches.

D. Beckham is paid $5.5m per year.

David Beckham, is an English footballer who plays midfield for Los Angeles Galaxy in Major League Soccer having previously played for Manchester United, Preston North End, Real Madrid, and A.C. Milan, as well as the England national team.

Beckham was born on 2 May 1975 in London, England. He is the son of David «Ted» Beckham, a kitchen fitter, and Sandra Beckham, a hairdresser.

His parents were fans of Manchester United who frequently travelled to Old Trafford from London to attend the team’s home matches. David inherited his parents’ love for Manchester United, and his main sporting passion was football. He attended one of football schools in Manchester and won the chance to take part in a training session at FC Barcelona. He played for a local youth team called the Ridgeway Rovers – coached by his father, Stuart Underwood and Steve Kirby. Totteham Hotspur was the first club he played for.

Beckham’s career began when he signed a professional contract with Manchester United. Beckham joined Manchester United when he was 16 years old. By the age of 21 he was an important member of the first team and an international player for England. His best season for Manchester United was 1998-99. They were champions of England and Europe at the same time.

He left Manchester United to sign for Real Madrid in 2003, where he remained for four seasons. In January 2007 it was announced that Beckham would leave Real Madrid for the Major League Soccer club Los Angeles Galaxy, signing a five-year contract with them on 1 July 2007. While a Galaxy player, he spent two loan spells in Italy with Milan in 2009 and 2010.

Beckham made his first appearance for the England national football team on 1 September 1996, in a World Cup qualifying match against Moldova. On 15 November 2000 he became a team captain and resigned this position on 11 August 2006. Beckham was a part of the England squad for 14 years. He was resigned from the national team in 2010.

Beckham was the first British footballer to play 100 Champions League matches. When joining the MLS in 2007 he was given the highest player salary in the league’s history, with his playing contract with the Galaxy over the next three years being worth $6.5m per year.

David is more than just a football star. He has become an elite advertising brand and a top fashion icon. His wife Victoria is a world-famous pop singer. He was Google‘s most searched of all sports topics in both 2003 and 2004.

Notes:

Old Trafford – футбольный стадион, расположенный в Траффорде, Большой Манчестер, Англия

Major League Soccer (MLS) – Высшая лига футбола, сильнейший футбольный дивизион в США и Канаде

to spend loan – выступать на правах аренды

squad — команда

Find in the text sentences corresponding to the following Russian translations.

Дэвид Бекхэм родился 2 мая 1975 года.

Бекхэм – английский футболист, полузащитник в американском клубе «Лос-Анджелес Гэлакси».

Дэвид унаследовал от родителей преданность команде «Манчестер Юнайтед».

Футбольная карьера Бекхэма началась после подписания контракта с «Манчестер Юнайтед».

Будучи игроком «Гэлакси» Бекхэм выступал за итальянский «Милан» на правах аренды в 2009-2010 гг.

Бекхэм выступал за сборную Англии по футболу на протяжении 14 лет.

Бекхэм стал первым британским футболистом, сыгравшим 100 матчей в Лиге чемпионов УЕФА.

Впервые Дэвид выступил за национальную сборную Англии в квалификационном матче с Молдовой на чемпионат мира 1996 года.

Имя Бекхэма было самым популярным запросом в Google на спортивную тематику в 2003 и 2004 годах и стало популярным рекламным брендом.

Дэвид Бекхэм ушел из сборной Англии по футболу в 2010 году.

Different kinds of sport in Britain

Fill in the blanks with the names of sports.

Darts, aerobics, rugby, football, tennis, golf, cricket, bingo, snooker, hockey, polo, skittles, basketball

1. … — an outdoor game, popular in Britain, played in summer with a small ball covered with red leather, a bat, and wickets by two teams of 11 players each, usually dressed all in white. One team tries to get runs while the other team fields. The ball is bowled at stumps and a batsman tries to hit it with a bat. The bowler`s intention is to end the batsman`s turn, which can be done in any of ten ways: the commonest are to hit his stumps with the ball, and for a member of the bowler`s team to catch the ball after the batsman has hit it. The batsman`s intention is to score runs, which he does by running from one end of the wicket to the other, typically after hitting the ball.

2. … a game played by two teams of five players in which goals are scored by throwing a large ball into an open-ended net fixed high on a hoop at the opponents end of the court.

… takes its name from … School in Midlands. In 1823, a boy playing football at the school picked up the ball and ran with it.

There are two types of …: in … Union there are teams of 15 players, who are amateurs and it is played by England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, France, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. There are regular matches between these countries.

In … League, which has slightly different rules there are 13 players in a team, the players are all professionals and is played mainly in the north of England, where it is originated, and is increasingly popular spectator sport.

3. … — type of football. It is played with an oval ball and players can both kick or run with it.

4. … a game played between two teams of players on horseback, who hit a small ball with long-handled wooden hammers. … is a game which is played and watched especially by very rich and fashionable people, including the Prince of Wales, and is seen as a glamorous and exciting sport.

5. … — also Association …a game that is played between two teams of 11 players using a round ball that is kicked but not handled. Synonym: soccer.

6. … — an outdoor game in which the player tries to hit a small hard ball into a series of 9 or 18 holes using as few strikes as possible. … is traditionally said to have been invented in Scotland and the Scottish king James VI made it fashionable in England when he came in London.

For many amateur players a game of … and the activities of the … club are an important part of middle class social life.

7. … a form of very active physical exercise which is usually done in class with music and is intended to strengthen the heart and lungs. It is especially popular with women and is considered by many people to be a fashionable form of exercise. In the morning people follow fitness classes shown on TV.

8. … — a game for two people or two pairs of people who use rackets to hit a small soft ball backwards and forwards across a low net dividing a specially marked court.

9. … a popular gambling game. It is normally played in halls and conventional cinemas. Players buy cards printed with rows of numbers and cross out the numbers as they are called at random. The winner is the first player to cross out all the numbers in his or her card. In recent years it has also been possible to play … by filling in similar cards published in popular papers. In Britain … is generally thought of as a game played by working class women in the evening.

10. … a game played on ice by two teams of eleven players each, with curved sticks and a small hard ball.

11. … a British game in which a player tries to knock down … (bottle-shaped objects) by throwing or rolling the ball or other objects at them.

12. … a game invented by the British in India in 1875 and played on a table covered in green cloth with 15 red balls, six balls of other colours, and a white ball. One hits the white ball with a cue (a long stick) onto the coloured balls, in a particular order, so that they fall into any of six pockets (holes) round the table in order to make points. It is played especially by men and is very popular in Britain.

13. … an indoor game popular in pubs and working men`s clubs. Short, weighted steel … with a feathered base, are thrown at a circular cork board (… board) marked out in numbered sections. The aim is to score a particular number of points, usually 301 or 501.

Notes:

wickets – воротца

run — очко

stump – спица крикетных ворот

at random – наугад

cork board – щит из пробкового дерева

Read the text and complete the chart.

Sport

Participants

Place

Equipment

Cricket

two teams of 11players each

field

a small ball covered with red leather, a bat, wickets

Darts

Basketball

Snooker

Skittles

Rugby

Hockey

Bingo

Football

Polo

Tennis



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